11 Causes of Teeth Pain

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Causes of teeth pain

A toothache can happen for any reason, but a toothache accompanied by swelling may indicate a serious oral health issue. If you are experiencing pain and swelling in your mouth, it’s important to see your dentist as soon as possible to determine the cause.

Types of toothache and swelling

When your teeth hurt it can be for multiple reasons. It can range from mild discomfort to severe throbbing pain. Your pain may be constant, intermittent or only hurt when you bite down with the tooth. It may be affecting one or more of your teeth and could also spread to your jaw, ear or head.

If you have swelling around a painful tooth, these symptoms are likely connected. Other related symptoms could include tooth sensitivity and bleeding gums.

When should I see a dentist?

If you have a toothache with no swelling accompanied by pain more than two days, you should make an appointment to see a dentist. Yur dentist will determine the reason the pain and may prescribe pain relief medication to help you manage the discomfort.

If you have swelling in your mouth, face or jaw, see your dentist or a doctor as soon as possible. This could be a sign of an infection, which can worsen the longer it isn’t treated.

The oral infection could include discharge from the mouth, trouble breathing or swallowing and may be accompaned with fever. If you have any of these symptoms, make an emergency appointment with your dentist or visit your nearest emergency room.

Reasons for toothache may include:

  • Tooth decay – when bacteria wears down tooth enamel, this can expose the more sensitive dentine layer underneath
  • Gum disease – if gingivitis develops into more severe gum disease, this can cause the gums to recede and teeth to ache and come loose
  • Root canal infection – if tooth decay or other damage reaches the soft centre of the tooth (the pulp), this can cause severe tooth pain and sensitivity
  • Chipped or cracked tooth – injuries to teeth can cause pain and sensitivity and may leave the tooth open to infection
  • Loose or broken filling – if part of a filling, crown or other dental work comes loose or falls out, this can leave the underlying tooth vulnerable
  • Dental abscess – severe tooth decay or gum disease can cause a painful abscess to develop inside the gum
  • Impacted wisdom tooth – if a wisdom tooth or other tooth is stuck (impacted) inside the gum, this can be painful and also cause swelling
  • Teeth grinding – if you grind or clench your teeth when you sleep (bruxism), this can put strain on your teeth and cause them to hurt in the morning
  • Mouth ulcer – an ulcer can cause pain in nearby teeth
  • Sinus infection – pressure or swelling in the sinuses may cause toothache, especially in the upper jaw
  • Jaw problems – a misaligned jaw or other problems with the jaw or temporomandibular joints (TMJ) can cause an uneven bite and toothache

What are the possible causes of facial swelling?

  • Allergic reactions
  • Dental abscess
  • Fluid retention
  • Hormonal disturbances
  • Impacted wisdom teeth
  • Infections
  • Injuries
  • Medication side-effects
  • Root canal infections
  • Sinus problems

How are toothache and swelling treated?

During your dental appointment the dentist will examine your mouth, may take an x-ray to diagnose or rule out issues such as a tooth infection or dental abscess.

Once the dental exam is completed, your dentist may be able to diagnose the problem and discuss appropriate treatments with you. Depending on what’s causing your toothache and swelling, you may be given advice for how to recover at home or your dentist may recommend a treatment.

Recovery from toothache and or swelling

Not all tooth pains and facial swelling require treatment. When you visit Dr. Nason she may prescribe something to mask the pain, anti-inflammatory medication or suggest other remedies to help you manage your symptoms at home while you recover. If you are in pain and need an emergency dentist, choose the best dental implants dentist near you in Keller Texas today so that she can give you the smile you have always wanted. Call 817-503-0305 or schedule your appointment at Leslie Nason, DDS today.

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